How to tell the difference between a refutation and a counterargument?
Thank you for your question about the differences between a refutation and a counterargument. The short answer is that you need both of them in an argumentative essay and the counterargument comes before the refutation. For other sources for your argumentative essay, visit the ENG 102 research guide.
A counterargument is usually a paragraph or so which outlines for the reader arguments that the "other side" would make on the topic at hand. It shows the reader that the writer understands the topic at hand and is interested in examining it from many possible angles. This section is the argument that your side is wrong and the other side is right.
A refutation comes after the counterargument and uses credible evidence to prove that it is actually the counterargument that is wrong.
Here is a pretty good explanation with an example.
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