How do I cite a personal interview or email?
The APA Help Guide has an example of how to cite a personal interview.
- Click on References and In-text Citation Examples
- Click on Other
- Look for on Personal Communication.
Show only in-text. Format:
First & Middle initials Last name (personal communication, Month Day, year).
DO NOT INCLUDE IN REFERENCES.
Example: According to an interview with K.A. West (personal communication, August 3, 2016)...
APA citation style has the following to say about citing personal communication (section 3.102): "Personal communications may be letters, memos, some electronic communications, telephone conversations, and the like. Because they do not provide recoverable data, personal communications are not included on the References page.
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