Q. How do I in-text cite an in-class discussion?
To cite an in-class discussion:
- Visit the APA Help guide.
- View the References and In-text Citation Examples
- Click on Other
- Look for Personal Communication.
- Since an in-class discussion is not a published work, look for the information about an Interview or Personal Communication. This one is the closest to a class discussion.
Do not include in reference list; cite in text only. Example:
P. Drucker (personal communication, September 20, 2018) believes that there are several different types of managers.
If the class discussion was online (where someone could retrieve it):
Smith, A. B. (2018, March 22). Time management strategies. Message posted to [class] on https://
In-text: Paraphrase: (Smith, 2018). Quotation: (Smith, 2018, para. 2).
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