Q. How do I in-text cite an in-class discussion?


To cite an in-class discussion:

  • Visit the APA Help guide.
  • View the References and In-text Citation Examples
  • Click on Other
  • Look for Personal Communication.
  • Since an in-class discussion is not a published work, look for the information about an Interview or Personal Communication.  This one is the closest to a class discussion.


Do not include in reference list; cite in text only. Example:

P. Drucker (personal communication, September 20, 2015) believes that there are several different types of managers.

If the class discussion was on Blackboard:

Example: Bb classroom: Discussion Board Posts

Smith, A. B. (2015, March 22). Time management strategies. Message posted to COL 112 Seminar Three Discussion Board at Baker College Blackboard website: https://ol.baker.edu/

In-text: Paraphrase: (Smith, 2015). Quotation: (Smith, 2015, para. 2).

Thank you for using ASK US. For more information contact your Campus Library/ARC.


  • Last Updated Jan 30, 2018
  • Views 11805
  • Answered By Beth Lofgren

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  1. amazing post
    by mecer on Oct 01, 2015.

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