Q. How do I cite confidential company documents?


Thank you for your question about citing confidential company documents.

You may want to check with your employer for permission before sharing information from confidential company documents with Baker College students & faculty.

If you have permission, then you would cite a confidential document as a "Personal Communication" since it is not retrievable by anyone else. Since the information isn't retrievable, the resource is only cited within the text but not on the References page, according to the APA guidelines.

If you visit the APA Help guide, the citation for a "Personal Communication" is:

Personal Communication

Show only in-text. Format: 
Last name, First & Middle initials (personal communication, Month Date, year).


Example for confidential company document:

"According to the confidential Starbucks Is Awesome employee document (personal communication, March 15, 2015), "Starbucks employees will...."

Thank you for using ASK US. For more questions, contact your Campus Library/ARC.

  • Last Updated Jan 30, 2018
  • Views 7379
  • Answered By Baker Librarians

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