Q. Do I need to cite a movie if I'm explaining scenes throughout my paper?
Yes, cite any movie you are discussing in your paper.
- If using exact lines from the film, treat these in-text as a quotation.
- If explaining what happened in the movie or other ideas from the film (in other words, paraphrasing), then this is an in-text paraphrase.
- See below for examples of in-text quotations and in-text paraphrases.
Visit the APA Help guide to see an example.
- Click on References and In-text Citation Examples
- Select Other and see Film/TV.
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- What if the purpose of the paper is to analyze the movie? If I'm explaining scenes from the movie for most of the paper, do I need to have an in-text citation on almost every sentence?
- If you are paraphrasing a few different sentences in the same paragraph, but they are not all in a row or together, you would have to cite after each sentence. You may also want to take a look at the following ASK US question/answer (http://askus.baker.edu/a.php?qid=1177498). It deals with whether one citation should be used at the end of a multiple sentence paragraph or after every sentence.
If you are concerned about citing a lot from the same source, you may want to take a look at Section 6.11 One Work by One Author (p. 174) of the APA Manual, 6th edition. It provides examples where author's name appears multiple times in a single paragraph.
The fact that there is a rule suggests that, even though it may seem like it is excessive, it is still necessary to have the in-text citations.