Q. How do I cite confidential company documents?


Thank you for your question about citing confidential company documents.

  • You may want to check with the company employer for permission before sharing information from confidential documents with Baker College students & faculty.
  • If you have permission, then you would cite a confidential document as a "Personal Communication" since it is not retrievable by anyone else. 
  • Since the information isn't retrievable, the resource is only cited within the text but not on the References page, according to the APA guidelines.

Example of how to cite confidential company document:

"According to the confidential Starbucks Is Awesome employee document (personal communication, March 15, 2018), "Starbucks employees will...."

If you visit the APA Help guide, the citation for a "Personal Communication" is:

Personal Communication

Show only in-text. Format: 
Last name, First & Middle initials (personal communication, Month Date, year).


Thank you for using ASK US. For more questions, contact your Campus Library/ARC.

  • Last Updated Jun 11, 2019
  • Views 10849
  • Answered By Baker Librarians

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