Q. What if two authors have the same last name?


If two authors have the same last name:

  • The References page should be alphabetized by their first name initials.


Johnson, E. (2011). . . . 

Johnson, L. (2014). . . .

  • In-text citation (according to the Purdue Online Writing Lab):
  • To prevent confusion, use first initials with the last names.


(E. Johnson, 2011; L. Johnson, 2014)

Here are some other examples from the APA blog.

For other questions, see the APA Help page.

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  • Last Updated Aug 01, 2019
  • Views 10905
  • Answered By Beth Lofgren

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