Q. How do you use ibid?


Baker College uses APA citation style and according to this style, one would refer to to the source using parenthetical in-text citations and not footnotes or endnotes, therefore in APA style one does not use ibid.

Chicago style uses ibid.  Here is a general overview:


If you consecutively cite the same source two or more times in a note (complete or shortened), you may use the word “Ibid” instead. Ibid is short for the Latin ibidem, which means “in the same place”. If you’re referencing the same source but different page, follow ‘Ibid’ with a comma and the new page number(s).

          1. Newton N. Minow and Craig L. LaMay, Inside the Presidential Debates: Their Improbable Past and Promising Future (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 24-25.

          2. Minow and LaMay, Presidential Debates, 24-25.

          3. Ibid.

          4. Ibid, 28-30.

For more information about APA style, visit the APA Help guide.

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  • Last Updated Jun 13, 2019
  • Views 607
  • Answered By Baker Librarians

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