Q. How do you cite- both in-text cite and on the reference page- authors with the same surname and same initial?


Two authors with the same last name and first initial are cited as show below.

         (For other APA questions, visit the APA Help guide.)

The Publication Manual says this: “If the reference list includes different authors with the same surname and the first initial, the authors’ full first names may be given in brackets” (p. 184).


Thomas, D. [Danny], & Davidson, B. (1991). Make room for Danny. New York, NY: Putnam. 
Thomas, D. [Dylan]. (1954). A child’s Christmas in Wales. Norfolk, CT: New Directions.

You would also want to distinguish between the two references in your in-text citation by using both first and last names. Your format would be (Danny Thomas, 1991) and (Dylan Thomas, 1954).

This answer was completed with the help of the APA Style Blog's entry on the same topic.

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  • Last Updated Mar 21, 2019
  • Views 226
  • Answered By Patrick Mullane

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